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Control of electron spin coherence via external fields is fundamental in spintronics. Its implementation demands a host material that accommodates the desirable but contrasting requirements of spin robustness against relaxation mechanisms and sizeable coupling between spin and orbital motion of the carriers. Here, we focus on Ge, which is a prominent candidate for shuttling spin quantum bits into the mainstream Si electronics. So far, however, the intrinsic spin-dependent phenomena of free electrons in conventional Ge/Si heterojunctions have proved to be elusive because of epitaxy constraints and an unfavourable band alignment. We overcome these fundamental limitations by investigating a two-dimensional electron gas in quantum wells of pure Ge grown on Si. These epitaxial systems demonstrate exceptionally long spin lifetimes. In particular, by fine-tuning quantum confinement we demonstrate that the …
Nature Publishing Group
Publication date: 
21 Dec 2016

Anna Giorgioni, Stefano Paleari, Stefano Cecchi, Elisa Vitiello, Emanuele Grilli, Giovanni Isella, Wolfgang Jantsch, Marco Fanciulli, Fabio Pezzoli

Biblio References: 
Volume: 7 Issue: 1 Pages: 1-11
Nature communications