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We explore a strategy to counteract aging issues in TiO{sub 2}/aluminium-doped ZnO bi-layers used in hybrid solar cells photo-anodes, mainly related to Zn diffusion in the TiO{sub 2} matrix. Different Ti{sup 4+} and Zn{sup 2+} local structures within the anatase grains and along the film thickness were found as a function of post-deposition annealing treatments in the range between 200 °C and 500 °C by synchrotron radiation extended x-ray absorption fine structure analyses. In particular, in the 500 °C-treated sample, diffusion of zinc species along the TiO{sub 2} grain-boundaries has been observed with aging (3 years). In contrast, a mild thermal budget at 200 °C favours a proper atomic arrangement of the zinc-containing anatase lattice which reduces Zn diffusion, thus guaranteeing a good stability with aging.
Publication date: 
7 Aug 2014

Giovanna Pellegrino, Antonino La Magna, Corrado Bongiorno, Emanuele Smecca, Alessandra Alberti, Guglielmo G Condorelli, Cristian Mocuta

Biblio References: 
Volume: 116 Issue: 5
Journal of Applied Physics