-A A +A
Silicon Photonics has emerged as an interesting field due to its potential for low-cost optical components integrated with electronic functionality. In the past two decades, there has been growing interest in photonic devices based on Si-compatible materials (Kimerling et al., 2004; Jalali & Fathpour, 2006) in the field both of the optical telecommunications and of the optical interconnects. In this contest, tremendous progresses in the technological processes based on the use silicon-on insulator (SOI) substrates have allowed to obtain reliable and effectiveness full complementary metal-oxide semiconductor (CMOS) compatible optical components such as, low loss waveguides, high-Q resonators, high speed modulators, couplers, and optically pumped lasers (Rowe et al., 2007; Vivien et al., 2006; Xu et al., 2007; Michael et al., 2007; Liu et al., 2007; Liu et al., 2006). All these devices have been developed to operate in the wavelength range from C optical band (1528–1561 nm) to L optical band (1561–1620 nm). However one of the crucial steps toward the integration of photonics with electronics resides in the development of efficient chip-scale photodetectors (PD) integrated on Si. Bulk photodetectors are perhaps the oldest and best understood silicon optoelectronic devices. Commercial products in Si operate at wavelengths below 1100 nm, where band-toband absorption occurs. For the realization of photodiodes integrated in photonics circuits operating at wavelengths beyond 1100 nm silicon is not the right material because its transparency. In the last years, in order to take advantage of low-cost standard Si-CMOS processing technology, a …
Publication date: 
23 Mar 2012
Biblio References: 
Pages: 51-76