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In this chapter, we report on recent numerical and experimental results obtained with Fiber Bragg Grating (FBG) hydrophones for underwater acoustic detection. The optical hydrophones under investigation consist of FBGs coated with ring-shaped polymers of different size. Via fullwave numerical simulations, we study the complex opto-acoustomechanical interaction among an incident acoustic wave traveling in water, the optical fiber surrounded by the ring shaped coating, and the FBG inscribed inside the fiber. Our results fully characterize the opto-acoustic response of the optical hydrophone, and highlight the key role played by the coating in enhancing significantly its sensitivity, over the whole acoustic wave range of interest (up to 30 kHz) by comparison with a standard uncoated configuration. The coating material was selected and designed in order to provide mechanical amplification, via choice of its acoustic …
Publication date: 
1 Jan 2014

Giuseppe Quero, Alessio Crescitelli, Marco Consales, Marco Pisco, Antonello Cutolo, Vincenzo Galdi, Andrea Cusano, Agostino Iadicicco

Biblio References: 
Pages: 145-174
Photonics for Safety and Security