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Visible luminescence from ZnO nanorods (NRs) is attracting large scientific interest for light emission and sensing applications. We study visible luminescent defects in ZnO NRs as a function of post growth thermal treatments, and find four distinct visible deep level defect states (VDLSs): blue (2.52 eV), green (2.23 eV), orange (2.03 eV), and red (1.92 eV). Photoluminescence (PL) studies reveal a distinct modification in the UV (3.25 eV) emission intensity and a shift in the visible spectra after annealing. Annealing at 600 °C in Ar (Ar600) and O2 (O600) causes a blue and red-shift in the visible emission band, respectively. All samples demonstrate orange emission from the core of the NR, with an additional surface related green, blue, and red emission in the As-Prep, Ar600, and O600 samples, respectively. From PL excitation (PLE) measurements we determine the onset energy for population of the various VDLSs …
Royal Society of Chemistry
Publication date: 
1 Jan 2016

EG Barbagiovanni, R Reitano, G Franzò, V Strano, A Terrasi, S Mirabella

Biblio References: 
Volume: 8 Issue: 2 Pages: 995-1006