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The discovery of the topological nature of free-space light and its quantum chiral behavior has recently raised large attention. This important scientific endeavor features spin-based integrated quantum technologies. Herein, we discuss a novel phenomenon based on a resonantly-enhanced quantum spin-Hall transport of light observed in a dielectric resonator operating near the bound-state-in-continuum (BIC) regime. The BIC mode is characterized by a transverse photonic spin angular momentum density extended on a macroscopic area. As such, the experimental excited mode in near-BIC regime generates resonant surface waves characterized by spin-momentum locking and that propagate along the symmetry axes of the structure. In addition, the generated side waves are interpreted as an abrupt nonparaxial redirection of the exciting far field light, which is responsible for the spin-to-orbital angular momentum conversion evidenced in the spin-orbit asymmetry measured in the intensity of the side waves. The experimental results are in excellent agreement with a model that combines geometric parallel transport of light polarization and spin-momentum locking. In addition, breaking the excitation symmetry leads to a total spin-directive coupling. Our results reveal the possibility of a BIC-enhanced macroscopic spin-directive coupling, a novel fundamental mechanism of light-spin manipulation that will have strong impact on emerging quantum technologies.
Publication date: 
30 Oct 2017

Gianluigi Zito, Silvia Romano, Stefano Cabrini, Giuseppe Calafiore, Anna Chiara De Luca, Erika Penzo, Vito Mocella

Biblio References: 
arXiv preprint arXiv:1710.10862