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In this paper, we present the preparation of few-layer MoS2 films on single-crystal sapphire, as well as on heteroepitaxial GaN templates on sapphire substrates, using the pulsed laser deposition (PLD) technique. Detailed structural and chemical characterization of the films were performed using Raman spectroscopy, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction measurements, and high-resolution transmission electron microscopy. According to X-ray diffraction studies, the films exhibit epitaxial growth, indicating a good in-plane alignment. Furthermore, the films demonstrate uniform thickness on large areas, as confirmed by Raman spectroscopy. The lateral electrical current transport of the MoS2 grown on sapphire was investigated by temperature (T)-dependent sheet resistance and Hall effect measurements, showing a high n-type doping of the semiconducting films (ns from ~1 × 1013 to ~3.4 × 1013 cm−2 from T = 300 K to 500 K), with a donor ionization energy of Ei = 93 ± 8 meV and a mobility decreasing with T. Finally, the vertical current injection across the MoS2/GaN heterojunction was investigated by means of conductive atomic force microscopy, showing the rectifying behavior of the I-V characteristics with a Schottky barrier height of ϕB ≈ 0.36 eV. The obtained results pave the way for the scalable application of PLD-grown MoS2 on GaN in electronics/optoelectronics.
Publication date: 
26 Oct 2023

Marianna Španková, Štefan Chromik, Edmund Dobročka, Lenka Pribusová Slušná, Marcel Talacko, Maroš Gregor, Béla Pécz, Antal Koos, Giuseppe Greco, Salvatore Ethan Panasci, Patrick Fiorenza, Fabrizio Roccaforte, Yvon Cordier, Eric Frayssinet, Filippo Giannazzo

Biblio References: 
Volume: 13 Issue: 21 Pages: 2837