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Diatoms are monocellular micro-algae provided with external valves, the frustules, made of amorphous hydrated silica. Frustules present patterns of regular arrays of holes, the areolae, characterized by sub-micrometric dimensions. Frustules from centric diatoms are characterized by a radial disposition of areolae and exhibit several optical properties, such as photoluminescence, lens-like behavior and, in general, photonic-crystal-like behavior as long as confinement of electromagnetic field is concerned. In particular, intrinsic photoluminescence from frustules is strongly influenced by the surrounding atmosphere: on exposure to gases, the induced luminescence changes both in the optical intensity and peaks positions. To give specificity against a target analyte, a key feature for an optical sensor, a biomolecular probe, which naturally recognizes its ligand, can be covalently linked to the diatom surface. We explored …
International Society for Optics and Photonics
Publication date: 
18 May 2009

E De Tommasi, I Rendina, I Rea, Mario De Stefano, A Lamberti, L De Stefano

Biblio References: 
Volume: 7356 Pages: 735615
Optical Sensors 2009