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Quantum dots are of growing interest as emissive materials in light-emitting devices. Here first we report the formation of highly luminescent organic capped colloidal cadmium sulfide (CdS) nanoparticles having the highest photoluminescence quantum yield of 69% in solutions and 34% in neat thin films in the near-infrared range. Second, we also show efficient electroluminescence in the near-infrared from solution processed hybrid light emitting diodes (LEDs) based on such colloidal CdS quantum dots embedded in an organic semiconductor matrix forming a nanocomposite active layer. We also discuss the device structure and role of the doped active layer in efficiency improvement. With optimized active layer thickness and concentration of QDs, the device exhibits an external electroluminescence quantum efficiency of 0.62% at a peak emission wavelength of 760 nm, providing a route to solution processable …
American Chemical Society
Publication date: 
28 Jan 2016

Ashu Kumar Bansal, Francesco Antolini, Shuyue Zhang, Lenuta Stroea, Luca Ortolani, Massimiliano Lanzi, Emanuele Serra, Sybille Allard, Ullrich Scherf, Ifor David William Samuel

Biblio References: 
Volume: 120 Issue: 3 Pages: 1871-1880
The Journal of Physical Chemistry C