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Facial Expression Recognition is still one of the challenging fields in pattern recognition and machine learning science. Despite efforts made in developing various methods for this topic, existing approaches lack generalizability and almost all studies focus on more traditional hand-crafted features extraction to characterize facial expressions. Moreover, effective classifiers to model the spatial and temporary patterns embedded in facial expressions ignore the effects of facial attributes, such as age, on expression recognition even though research indicates that facial expression manifestation varies with ages. Although there are large amount of benchmark datasets available for the recognition of facial expressions, only few datasets contains faces of older adults. Consequently the current scientific literature has not exhausted this topic. Recently, deep learning methods have been attracting more and more researchers due to their great success in various computer vision tasks, mainly because they avoid a process of feature definition and extraction which is often very difficult due to the wide variability of the facial expressions. Based on the deep learning theory, a neural network for facial expression recognition in older adults is constructed by combining a Stacked Denoising Auto-Encoder method to pre-train the network and a supervised training that provides a fine-tuning adjustment of the network. For the supervised classification layer, the M-class softmax classifier was implemented, where M is the number of expressions to be recognized. The performance are evaluated on two benchmark datasets (FACES and Lifespan), that are the only ones that …
Publication date: 
16 Nov 2017
Biblio References: 
Pages: 30-43