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We describe a new technique for the efficient generation of high-energy ions with electromagnetic ion cyclotron waves in multi-ion plasmas. The discussed ‘three-ion’scenarios are especially suited for strong wave absorption by a very low number of resonant ions. To observe this effect, the plasma composition has to be properly adjusted, as prescribed by theory. We demonstrate the potential of the method on the world-largest plasma magnetic confinement device, JET (Joint European Torus, Culham, UK), and the high-magnetic-field tokamak Alcator C-Mod (Cambridge, USA). The obtained results demonstrate efficient acceleration of 3 He ions to high energies in dedicated hydrogen–deuterium mixtures. Simultaneously, effective plasma heating is observed, as a result of the slowing-down of the fast 3 He ions. The developed technique is not only limited to laboratory plasmas, but can also be applied to explain …
Nature Publishing Group
Publication date: 
1 Oct 2017

Ye O Kazakov, J Ongena, JC Wright, SJ Wukitch, E Lerche, MJ Mantsinen, D Van Eester, T Craciunescu, VG Kiptily, Y Lin, M Nocente, F Nabais, MFF Nave, Y Baranov, J Bielecki, R Bilato, V Bobkov, Kristel Crombé, A Czarnecka, JM Faustin, R Felton, M Fitzgerald, Daniel Gallart, L Giacomelli, T Golfinopoulos, AE Hubbard, Ph Jacquet, Thomas Johnson, M Lennholm, T Loarer, M Porkolab, SE Sharapov, D Valcarcel, M Van Schoor, H Weisen

Biblio References: 
Volume: 13 Issue: 10 Pages: 973-978
Nature Physics