The design of an amorphous silicon-based Mach-Zehnder electro-optic modulator including two guiding p-i-n structures integrated inside a two-dimensional (2-D) photonic crystal (PhC) working at 1.55 μm, is reported. Electrically induced free carrier dispersion effect in this photonic material with a very cost-effective technology, is investigated for modulation. Our numerical analysis, performed by a time-domain (FDTD)-based software, proves that the voltage-length product can be remarkably reduced by taking advantage of both the strong PhC confinement and the wide refractive index tunability of amorphous silicon.
27 Feb 2016
2016 4th International Conference on Photonics, Optics and Laser Technology (PHOTOPTICS)