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The two main problems of dielectric metasurfaces for sensing and spectroscopy based on electromagnetic field enhancement are that resonances are mainly localized inside the resonator volume and that experimental Q-factors are very limited. To address these issues, a novel dielectric metasurface supporting delocalized modes based on quasi-bound states in the continuum (quasi-BICs) is proposed and theoretically demonstrated. The metasurface comprises a periodic array of silicon hollow nanocuboids patterned on a glass substrate. The resonances stem from the excitation of symmetry-protected quasi-BIC modes, which are accessed by perturbing the arrangement of the nanocuboid holes. Thanks to the variation of the unit cell with a cluster of four hollow nanocuboids, polarization-insensitive, delocalized modes with ultra-high Q-factor are produced. In addition, the demonstrated electric field enhancements are very high (103–104). This work opens new research avenues in optical sensing and advanced spectroscopy, e.g., surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy.
Publication date: 
16 Oct 2023

José Francisco Algorri, Victor Dmitriev, José Miguel López-Higuera, Dimitrios C Zografopoulos

Biblio References: 
Volume: 13 Issue: 20 Pages: 2771