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Carbohydrate foods with high glycaemic index (GI) and load (GL) may negatively influence cancer risk. We studied the association of dietary carbohydrates, GI, GL, intake of bread and pasta with risk of bladder cancer using data from an Italian case–control study. The study included 578 men and women with histologically confirmed bladder cancer and 608 controls admitted to the same hospitals as cases for acute, non-neoplastic conditions. OR were estimated by logistic regression models after allowance for relevant confounding factors. OR of bladder cancer for the highest v. the lowest quantile of intake were 1·52 (95 % CI 0·85, 2·69) for available carbohydrates, 1·18 (95 % CI 0·83, 1·67) for GI, 1·96 (95 % CI 1·16, 3·31, P trend
Cambridge University Press
Publication date: 
1 Nov 2017

Livia SA Augustin, Martina Taborelli, Maurizio Montella, Massimo Libra, Carlo La Vecchia, Alessandra Tavani, Anna Crispo, Maria Grimaldi, Gaetano Facchini, David JA Jenkins, Gerardo Botti, Diego Serraino, Jerry Polesel

Biblio References: 
Volume: 118 Issue: 9 Pages: 722-729
British Journal of Nutrition