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Water sources pollution by arsenic ions is a serious environmental problem all around the world. Arsenate reductase enzyme (TtArsC) from Thermus thermophilus extremophile bacterium, naturally binds arsenic ions, As(V) and As (III), in aqueous solutions. In this research, TtArsC enzyme adsorption onto hybrid polyethylene glycol-stabilized gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) was studied at different pH values as an innovative nanobiosystem for metal concentration monitoring. Characterizations were performed by UV/Vis and circular dichroism spectroscopies, TEM images and in terms of surface charge changes. The molecular interaction between arsenic ions and the TtArsC-AuNPs nanobiosystem was also monitored at all pH values considered by UV/Vis spectroscopy. Tests performed revealed high sensitivities and limits of detection equal to 10 ± 3 M−12 and 7.7 ± 0.3 M−12 for As(III) and As(V), respectively.
The Royal Society
Publication date: 
31 Oct 2016

Jane Politi, Jolanda Spadavecchia, Gabriella Fiorentino, Immacolata Antonucci, Luca De Stefano

Biblio References: 
Volume: 13 Issue: 123 Pages: 20160629
Journal of The Royal Society Interface