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A rectangular metallic leaky waveguide loaded with liquid crystals (LC) and operating in its fundamental TE mode at 1 THz is proposed to mitigate the well-known trade-off between directivity and tunable angular range of dynamic beamscanning antennas. The radiating aperture consists of a partially reflecting sheet (PRS) realized through a one-dimensional array of longitudinal slots etched on one of the metallic walls of the waveguide to efficiently couple with the propagating TE leaky mode. The antenna performance is evaluated by defining suitable figures of merit that take into account the beamscanning feature and the gain peak. These figures of merit are evaluated for different combinations of the antenna design parameters. After optimization, a tunable angular range of about 28° is reached, while maintaining a gain of around 7 dBi. A leaky-wave analysis of a simplified model of the structure allows to design …
Publication date: 
21 Aug 2023

Walter Fuscaldo, Elahehsadat Torabi, Dimitrios C Zografopoulos, Danilo Erricolo, Romeo Beccherelli

Biblio References: 
IEEE Access