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This work proposes the use of the refractive index sensitivity of non-radiating anapole modes of high-refractive-index nanoparticles arranged in planar metasurfaces as a novel sensing principle. The spectral position of anapole modes excited in hollow silicon nanocuboids is first investigated as a function of the nanocuboid geometry. Then, nanostructured metasurfaces of periodic arrays of nanocuboids on a glass substrate are designed. The metasurface parameters are properly selected such that a resonance with ultrahigh Q-factor, above one million, is excited at the target infrared wavelength of 1.55 µm. The anapole-induced resonant wavelength depends on the refractive index of the analyte superstratum, exhibiting a sensitivity of up to 180 nm/RIU. Such values, combined with the ultrahigh Q-factor, allow for refractometric sensing with very low detection limits in a broad range of refractive indices. Besides the sensing applications, the proposed device can also open new venues in other research fields, such as non-linear optics, optical switches, and optical communications. View Full-Text
Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Publication date: 
1 Jan 2019

José Francisco Algorri, Dimitrios C Zografopoulos, Antonio Ferraro, Braulio García-Cámara, Ricardo Vergaz, Romeo Beccherelli, José Manuel Sánchez-Pena

Biblio References: 
Volume: 9 Issue: 1 Pages: 30