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Ever since the advent of microwave technology, tunable devices, such as phase shifters, resonators, and antennas, have been indispensable in applications requiring radiofrequency signal filtering, beam shaping, or steering. This necessity becomes even more relevant in view of a new era in high‐bandwidth wireless communications in 5G networks, satellite links, and advanced radars for sensing and safety. As the operating frequency is pushed toward the millimeter‐wave range or beyond, the performance of traditional microwave tunable elements, such as PIN diodes, micro‐electromechanical system switches, ferrites, or ferroelectric films, degrades, while their fabrication complexity and cost increases. In this respect, liquid crystals present a promising solution, as they provide continuous tuning, low dielectric constants, moderate losses, low dispersion, and potentially low cost. Here, a comprehensive overview …
Publication date: 
1 Jan 2018
Biblio References: 
Pages: 1800447
Advanced Materials Technologies