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Solution-based single-molecule fluorescence spectroscopy is a powerful experimental tool with applications in cell biology, biochemistry, and biophysics. The basic feature of this technique is to excite and collect light from a very small volume and work in a low concentration regime resulting in rare burst-like events corresponding to the transit of a single molecule. Detecting photon bursts is a challenging task: the small number of emitted photons in each burst calls for high detector sensitivity. Bursts are very brief, requiring detectors with fast response time and capable of sustaining high count rates. Finally, many bursts need to be accumulated to achieve proper statistical accuracy, resulting in long measurement time unless parallelization strategies are implemented to speed up data acquisition. In this paper, we will show that silicon single-photon avalanche diodes (SPADs) best meet the needs of single-molecule …
Publication date: 
22 Jul 2014

Xavier Michalet, Antonino Ingargiola, Ryan A Colyer, Giuseppe Scalia, Shimon Weiss, Piera Maccagnani, Angelo Gulinatti, Ivan Rech, Massimo Ghioni

Biblio References: 
Volume: 20 Issue: 6 Pages: 248-267
IEEE Journal of Selected Topics in Quantum Electronics