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Undoped and Ti-doped ZnO (TZO) films were deposited by atomic layer deposition (ALD). Titanium was introduced by alternating consecutive ZnO cycles between each TiO2 single layer (Ti nominal concentration of 2%). The electrical, optical, morphological, and structural properties of the films (less than 80 nm thick) were tested as a function of the deposition temperature (from 120 to 240 °C). The TZO films deposited at 200 °C showed the lowest resistivity: 3.0 × 10−3 Ω cm. All the resulting TZO films were highly transparent, with an absorbance in the visible range of less than 3%. Thanks to an accurate investigation through transmission electron microscopy we ruled out the well-assessed explanation of an extrinsic doping mechanism of transparent conductive oxide (TCO), suggesting an alternative mechanism. These results demonstrate that the ALD is a promising technique to grow thin TZO films with remarkable …
Royal Society of Chemistry
Publication date: 
1 Jan 2016
Biblio References: 
Volume: 6 Issue: 91 Pages: 88886-88895
RSC advances