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Molybdenum disulphide (MoS 2) is currently regarded as a promising material for the next generation of electronic and optoelectronic devices. However, several issues need to be addressed to fully exploit its potential for field effect transistor (FET) applications. In this context, the contact resistance, R C, associated with the Schottky barrier between source/drain metals and MoS 2 currently represents one of the main limiting factors for suitable device performance. Furthermore, to gain a deeper understanding of MoS 2 FETs under practical operating conditions, it is necessary to investigate the temperature dependence of the main electrical parameters, such as the field effect mobility (μ) and the threshold voltage (V th). This paper reports a detailed electrical characterization of back-gated multilayer MoS 2 transistors with Ni source/drain contacts at temperatures from T= 298 to 373 K, ie, the expected range for transistor operation in circuits/systems, considering heating effects due to inefficient power dissipation. From the analysis of the transfer characteristics (I D− V G) in the subthreshold regime, the Schottky barrier height (Φ B≈ 0.18 eV) associated with the Ni/MoS 2 contact was evaluated. The resulting contact resistance in the on-state (electron accumulation in the channel) was also determined and it was found to increase with T as R C proportional to T 3.1. The contribution of R C to the extraction of μ and V th was evaluated, showing a more than 10% underestimation of μ when the effect of R C is neglected, whereas the effect on V th is less significant. The temperature dependence of μ and V th was also investigated. A decrease of μ proportional …
Publication date: 
25 Jan 2017

Filippo Giannazzo, Gabriele Fisichella, Aurora Piazza, Salvatore Di Franco, Giuseppe Greco, Simonpietro Agnello, Fabrizio Roccaforte

Biblio References: 
Volume: 8 Issue: 1 Pages: 254-263
Beilstein journal of nanotechnology